lecture 1 systematic theology



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For Christian theology class

welcome to systematic theology my name is dr. marked reveal and I am the instructor for this class a systematic theology or theology proper is really made up of two words fails and logos meaning the study of God and when we think of understanding who God is we realized that God when we think of theology and God we think of God having revealed himself and there's a study of God haven't revealed himself in creation generally and specifically in Christ Alister McGrath and his book says theology is a talk about God and Christian theology is his talk about God from a Christian perspective or primarily about who Christ is and how he has revealed god Karl Braden and Christian dot dogmatic says classical dogmatic theology was defined as the knowledge of God and divine things to be game partly in the natural way by the use of reason and partner in a supernatural way through special revelation and Wolf harp Edinburgh says systematic theology came into common use to describe the task of offering the comprehensive and coherent ation of Christian teaching theology referred to the truth of God God's Word revelation and in the period of the medieval man scholasticism theology was understood in two ways first in the in its literal sense is the doctrine got in a second more broadly as the statement of the truth constrained all the sacred teachings of the truth the medieval theologians brought in the meaning of theology to include everything that could be known about the reason and revelation and of course Penenberg says from the 18th century from the 18th century the term systematic theology came into common use to describe the task of offering a comprehensive and coherent presentation of Christian teaching and when talking theologically we're making a steam about God based on his rebel asian his revelation in the self is defined in Christ as Christ as a revelation of God the sole means by which God could be known truly and explicitly so to speak of God is to speak of Christ Otto Faber wrote Christian faith is essentially faith in Christ and that faith is not directed toward objectives issues primarily but only insofar as it encounters the person of Jesus Christ himself faith is obedience trusted self-surrender is a way of relating to a vow not to admit to a person not an objective issue or fact theology is about knowing God and how he has revealed himself systematic theology understands the way God has revealed himself in what we call doctrine well harp edinburgh against as God is the unifying point of reference for all objects and themes of theology and in this sense he is the absolute subject God is the subject of all of all of all doctrine and all doctrine is based on the revelation of God through scripture the major doctrines well Erickson of course says here theology is systematic that is it draws on the entire Bible rather than utilizing individual texts and isolation from others it attempts to relate to the various portions to one another to coalesce the various teachings in some type of harmonious or coherent whole and so this is why we do systematic theology as opposed to Bible theology philosophical theology or other theologies that it can be used the major doctrines of Christian theology are revelation in regards to how God has revealed himself both general and specifically God the doctrine of God his attributes the Trinity the issue of Providence the problem of evil also Christ and the work of Christ who Christ is what he accomplished in the atonement on the cross humanity the image of God the sin nature the problem a man Holy Spirit of course the person in nature of the Holy Spirit what his role is in the Christian life and the gifts that he gives to the believer also the church the doctrine of the church the nature of the church the purpose of the church in the body of Christ which is the church and how that is the intimate relationship between the church and God and of course n times the eschatology or the coming of Christ and the different views on the Millennium typically throughout the centuries there's been ways to discuss theology consumers sentences dogmatix statement of faith confessions creates and beliefs some of the oldest trees that we have our statements like the Apostles Creed and I seen creed that helped to establish beliefs in doctrine and the boundaries of doctrine and with heresies developed key statements also in Scripture earliest Creed's that we could find are found in second Timothy 2 and 1st timothy three that were probably recited in the early church as to what the church believed other thing the word creed means i believe and some of the Creed's as mentioned before Apostles Creed and I see in Crete and then of course you have in the Reformation time Lutheran confessions the less minister confession things like that and then of course in modern-day like the Christian missionary lives we have what is known as a statement of faith just pretty much like a confession some of the methods of doing a theology typically the main source or the main book and doing theology is the Bible and the way we exegete the Bible meaning how we uncover the meaning and so we look at many things to help us in doing theology we use commentaries we use language Greek and Hebrew studies word studies we identify advance and stories that helped reveal who got it declarations that God makes what people make about God and we tie all those together to get a comprehensive view of who God is and what the Bible says about God and the other doctrines of gym Scripture we also look at the history or the tradition how other men or women and churches movements looked at theology with the conclusions they came to we interact with the different history of traditions like Augustine Luther Calvin just to name a few Wesley we look at how what they said and we interact with their theologies to get an understanding of how theology was discussed and exegesis was used we also again look at the dogmatic of the creeds and boundaries that were created to keep heresy away or to understand what heresy was and how heresy helped in making theology understandable and of course we use reason and practical ideas that theology teaches us so that we know what to do how to live life how to live the Christian life how does theology impact a person day-to-day level what is what does the nature and purpose of God and the doctrine of God do to teach about a person and tell a person and how to live and so these are all things that in doing theology help us to understand the process of theology the point of theology and of course the practical application and as we do theology we recognize that we're doing it with many other people who have gone before us we are working alongside 2,000 years and more of people who have looked at scripture of of engaged Scripture who have applied Scripture and we work with them we we listen to them and we don't just simply discount them but at the same time we let the Bible speak for itself and to teach us as we as we look at scripture as we look at life and as we look at the problems we face today and so this is the when we look at systematic theology we are ultimately wanting to look at it for the point of saying what is God saying to me today how has he been speaking throughout the years and how his scripture impacted the lives of people and how does it continue to do so and so as we journey on in Scripture as we journey on systematic theology we know that we're working alongside many others have gone before us and so I encourage you to develop and understand theology and Scripture is it has been taught to you do not discount what others have said or just simply discard it try to learn even from people that you disagree with remember the theology is a journey in engaging who God is learning more about him falling in love with him and if that is not the key then we need to reassess why we're doing theology so let us continue our journey god bless you

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