Jesus and Judaism with Duke University Professor E.P. Sanders



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Duke University Professor E.P. Sanders explains how he finds common contrasts between Judaism and Christianity miss the mark. Learn more at

this is Duke University one common reading of the Christian New Testament pits Jesus in the Apostle Paul against Jewish scribes and Pharisees Jesus and Paul stand for love and grace while the Pharisees promote rules and legalism Duke University professor EP Sanders has spent his career challenging that assumption two new books honor his scholarship on first century Judaism Sanders says the idea of contrasting Jewish legalism with Christian grace is the relatively recent invention of Enlightenment era theologians once they defined Christianity as being a really good religion that believed in God's grace and mercy to all and social helpfulness etc cetera cetera they had to find a counterpart that was opposite this is part of the development of humanity that that you have to have an opposing part for your part to stand out otherwise what if everyone's lower throughout the world it's always agreed on this we're not doing anything particular we're just kind of going along no no we have our view and it is totally right and there must have been a group that did that had the opposite view so we believe in love they believe in hate we believe in grace they believe in strict justice with no hint of grace etc etc and that's the way the Christian view of Judaism developed so explain why for you is a New Testament scholar stepping into this milieu you think in order to correct these errors of Christian scholars about the Christian New Testament right I need to start studying judy's precisely that's that's what I was I did and I didn't know what I would find when I started studying it was it was all revelation I every day as I said in Jerusalem reading through the pages of ancient Jewish commentaries on the Hebrew Bible I every time I turned the page I was a nerd any moments sort of aha moments or examples that in hindsight really stand out let yes give to one one one briefly the the this is what what showed me that these people were really having fun the ancient rabbis were supposed to be these the sort of presbyterian Calvinistic type of door against fun sorts of people you know these rabbis had great sense of humor because one question was how long is it proper for a band to be in the presence of a alone in the presence of a woman who is not his wife and one of them said you were not supposed to do this obviously one of them said it's as long as it takes a palm tree bent by the wind to snap back upright and another one said it takes as long as it takes to swallow an pigeons egg and then you're gone about ten of these say it takes as long as all trying to outdo the other in making it a shorter period of time and I said oh this this is fun they're enjoying this this is like a seminar in New Testament where we have to be able to have a laugh every now and then the other was more seriously when I studied the statements about atonement forgiveness the Bible says that there is one sin for which there is no forgiveness it is taking the name of the Lord in vain but it's wearing a false oath in other words the rabbi's got around that by comparing one text with another text elsewhere in the Bible they concluded that even taking the name of Lord in vain would be forgiven to those who repent and these guys not trying for y'all how many people they can condemn they're trying to figure out how many people can get in even the unforgivable sin according to the Ten Commandments it's forgivable and that's their general attitude they want to expand God's grace beyond its limits in the Hebrew Bible to be bigger and more gracious and require less in the way of works okay and piecing together your account of Jesus you decided that it was more important what he did and what he said why is that people have tried and tried and tried ways to puzzle mount which sayings really go back to Jesus and I have taken some role in doing that but I finally gave up on it as being a job it could not be done successfully and decided to try to tell the story of Jesus without primarily going from his sayings primarily starting with his sayings partly they don't explain his execution and partly one is never sure which ones to highlight so tell us the story of that execution why is Jesus died well it appears to be because there were two public demonstrations one was riding into Jerusalem on a donkey's ass which recalled deliberately probably a prophecy in Zechariah about your king he shall come to you the other one was he decided to overthrow the tables some of the tables in the temple that were essential for the temples business so Jesus threatened to start a riot he didn't say I'm going to start a riot but he did things that looked hostile or threatening and he attracted some public clamor and the main rule of the collaborators with was wrong the main rule of Rome was no fighting we do all the fighting if we want to fight somebody then we'll tell you you do not do your own fighting what's called the Pax Romana instituted by Augustus the Roman peace which had settled like a benign cloud over the entire Roman Empire after Augustus disposed of Mark Antony well the high priest was the main subordinate official in Jerusalem it was his job to report suspicious circumstances to the Roman prefect bunches pilots in this case with whom he worked handing love for ten years Jesus was interrogated by a couple of the leading members of the priesthood including the high priest and they recommended execution Pilate and Pilate without hesitation carried it out now Jesus isn't just any historical figure of course millions of Christians understand him to be the Son of God how do you personally handle that intersection between history and faith the Jesus I found through historical research was not the same Jesus that I learned to follow as a child and still would like to follow the the one who came comes up through historical research is a bit wild-eyed he's charismatic prophet he has great sayings he's got the parables he says love your neighbor and said yes and he also thought that the that God was about to step in and change the nature of the state of the world and that Israel will be dominant and and the other nations will be subordinated and so and peace love and joy would burst out all the world well and that didn't happen no I I don't I don't it may happen someday but yeah I think people just had no longer count on me to be coming into it within the next year or two and so I didn't I didn't learn to love that Jesus as a boy you know I love the Jesus of the parables do good for other groups of people who are less fortunate and we and they were actually not all that many people who were less fortunate in my own little family which sort of never got over the depression and but nevertheless we all thought that we should give money to the poor and so so so I believed and that's what I kind of Christianity that I grew up in and it's almost disappeared produced by duke university online at duke.edu

41 thoughts on “Jesus and Judaism with Duke University Professor E.P. Sanders

  1. The "Unforgiveable sin" in the Bible is not swearing with God's name. It is Blasphemy against the Holy Spirit. This was the sin that was committed when the 1st century Jewish leaders accused Yeshua of being filled with Beelzebub, the prince of devils, since Yeshua was the "Anointed One" and the accusation therefore directly Blasphemed the Holy Spirit upon him. The result of this blasphemy was the Judgement of Israel in AD70, destruction of the Temple and subsequent destruction of the nation and 2000 years exile.

  2. U r all fools.Jesus is the Messiah he has given life.Cant u understand that he was born in bethlem as per Daniels book.There are many misunderstand a onng the high priest gave money to soldiers to say that jesus body was stolen by disciples.But soldiers fell own when light fall upon jesus and jesus woke up from deadwhile they said this to high priest they gave money to solider to hide these secret.even he healed diseases sick.jesus was born in bethlem

  3. How odd. Why is the passage regarding Jesus burning eternal in feces in the Cabala from 1300s? Acts of The apostles describe much hostility towards early Christians.

  4. There's really only a few major differences between Contemporary (non-messianic) Judaism and Christianity in General. These differences are shown below:
    Jews and Christians both believe in the Old Testament which contains the Torah and the Tanakh.
    Jews believe in the Talmud, while Christians believe in the Vulgate (aka the New Testament).
    Both texts talk about Salvation. Christian Salvation is based entirely on whether you've been baptized and accepted Jesus Christ as your savior. Talmudic Salvation is based on whether you're ethically Jewish and how well you practice Jewish Traditions.

  5. The only interesting part of the Hebrew bible according to alot of philosophers are:
    1. The proverbs
    2. The book of Job

    These two texts are GENTILE TEXTS
    inserted in the Hebrew bible but they were not written in Hebrew , and they are not Hebrew literature . These texts were borrowed from other GENTILE culture and merely inserted in what is called the Hebrew bible . Therefore the Hebrew bible is not entirely Hebrew.

    SEARCH AND YOU WILL FIND .

  6. For an educated man it doesn't sound like he spent as much time study in ng the bible as he has studied rabbinical interpretations of the bible. Christianity is not a separate religion to Judaism. Judaism is the foundation of Christianity and Jesus is the fulfillment of Judaism.

  7. when you mean that Jesus sacrificed himself for our sins what does that mean?how would jesus die without the help of the romans and the jews? if he was ment to die why couldnt he just tell someone to sacrifice him …something is off…

  8. Studies the religion his whole life and never read the Bible.
    Jeez this guy's lost.
    By lost I mean dumb.
    Has he never read the primary Roman histories? Never read Josephus war of the Jews?
    Christ myth. Google Christ myth.
    Richard Carrier, Robert Price,

  9. Jesus is just an allegory invented by the Romans to create a peaceful Christ whose kingdom is in hevean, not on earth.

    There is no proof that The Christ existed as a historical figure. He is only found in the narrative.

  10. Most Jews, and Christians too, are both unaware that the Bible states who the Messiah is and when he will appear. It wasn't Jesus of Nazareth! So what are the Bible verses that identify, by name, the Messiah, and when he was to appear? The prophet Haggai, writing in the 2nd year of Darius the King of Persia (ruled 521-485 BC), stated that the Messiah was to be Zerub'babel, the grandson of Jehoiachin, a royal descendant of King David. Zerub'babel was the governor of Judaea under the Persians, and God declared that he will "make Zerub'babel like a signet ring, for I have chosen you" (Haggai 2:20-23). The prophet Zechariah identifies the Messiah in the 2nd year of the Persian King Darius. Zerub'babel is to rebuild Solomon's Temple and complete it (Zech 4:9). Zechariah has a crown made and set upon the head of Joshua, son of Jehozadak the high priest, saying the crowned one will rebuild god's temple and bear royal honor and shall sit and rule upon his throne and there shall be a priest by his throne (Zech 7:11-14). Apparently the crown of Joshua's head is symbolic of the crown to sit upon Zerubbabel's head as he is identified as the builder of God's Temple (Zech 4:9). So, there you have it direct from God and the Holy Spirit via Haggai and Zechariah, The Post-Exilic Messiah ("annointed one") will be Zerub'babel, Persian governor of Judah! The problem? The event never happened! Yes, the Temple was built by 515 BC, but The Holy Spirit had said Zerubbabel would be crowned as Messiah AFTER THE OVERTHROW OF THE THRONE OF KINGDOMS (Haggai 2:22-23). At this time, King Darius was facing a series of revolts through out his kingdom, and attempts to overthrow him as king. He was successful in putting down all the revolts. So the prophets had erred, they apparently thought the revolts were God's doing and that with the Persian King removed from power, Judah could crown its Messiah (King or Annointed one) without interference from the Persians. The prophet Jeremiah said the Messiah would appear at the end of a 70 year exile in Babylon (Jer 25:11-14; 24:6-7). The exile began circa 587 BC, subtract 70 years and we have circa 517 BC for the appearance of the Messiah, the very period of Zerub'babel and his building of the Temple in Jerusalem (the Messiah is to rebuild the Temple according to the prophets, something Jesus never did). Jesus arrived too late to be the Messiahaccording to Jeremiah's timetable, 600 years too late, whereas Zerub'babel was "Johnny on the spot," circa 517 BC. The Throne of Kingdoms (Persian Throne) was overturned circa 330 BC by Alexander the Great of Macedonia after winning three battles against the Persian Monarch Darius, who employed chariots and horseman (Haggai 2:22-23 has chariots and horsemen being overthrown with the Throne of Kingdoms). The Persian king called himself the "King of Kings" and claimed his god had given him all the Kingdoms/Nations of the world to rule over (Ezra 1:1-2; 2 Chron 36:23). Zechariah has all the kingdoms/nations of the earth gathered together at Jerusalem to destory the city and it is then that God will appear with a heavenly host to smite the Kings/Nations of the earth at Jerusalem (Zechr 12:1-7; 14:1-20). The defeated Persian empire and its client kings will then acknowledge God as the ruler of the world and the gold and silver tribute that flowed into the Persian Treasury at the capital of Persepolis will now flow into the Temple treasury at Jerusalem. The event never happened. Persian forces never beseiged Jerusalem. God did not appear with his heavenly host and destroy the Persian Empire, allowing Zerub'babel to be made Messiah without interference from Persia. Conclusion: The Prophets had erred, the Holy Spirit that inspired them had erred, God had failed to keep his word. The Bible is not the word of God. The great mystery here is why have Jew and Christian both turned a blind eye to Jeremiah's 70 year exile timetable for the Messiah's restoration and Haggai and Zechariah and their identification of the Post-Exilic Messiah as being Zerub'babel?

  11. This man isn't even close with his opening statement about why the Christians go in one direction with their beliefs and Judaism stays with theirs. I'm sure if Paul was here today hearing his opening statement he would be shaking his head. Reading the book of Romans explains the idea of grace rather well and what Jesus's purpose was for coming to this world. This is sad and like others have said, he's from Duke University and has really gotten himself puffed up with knowledge.

  12. What was born of Mary is a man, truly man and not God, but the Spirit that was in that man – the spirit and life of that man then was God himself, the Father, whose name is Jesus hence the name Jesus was given by God to that man. What is that? It is simply the manifestation of the Father by and through that man, so happened that the name Jesus was not made known to men then as one of the names of the Lord God or the Father and the Jews mistook Jesus the Lord as the man per se born of Mary and that makes them up to this very date not to accept the Lord Jesus, the Spirit and Life of that man then, as the Messiah.

    In short, God spoke and worked then by and through that man to whom the name of the Lord God which is JESUS was given. God is one and He only used that man – whom the Jews of the old knew as Jesus – as His vessel to speak to the people.

  13. Prof. Sanders didn't even understand what he read on what is declared as an unforgivable sin. By the way, of all the explanations I read, I think the most rational and faith-directed explanation is that the sin against the Holy Spirit is atheism. Makes sense.

  14. For there will be a time when people will not tolerate sound teaching. Instead, following their own desires, they will accumulate teachers for themselves, because they have an insatiable curiosity to hear new things. 4 And they will turn away from hearing the truth, but on the other hand they will turn aside to myths. II Timothy 4:3-4 NET

  15. The foundation of Christianity is Judaism while Christianity is the fulfillment of Judaism.

    The Jewish Faith and the Christian Faith are two parts of the One True Faith which is the Judeo-Christian Truth.

    This Judeo-Christian Truth is the original Christianity as explained in the Bible in: Jude, paragraph #3. The early Christians “took for granted that the gospel was continuous with [the religion of Moshe (Moses)]; for them the New Covenant, which Yahshua the Christ had set up at the Last Supper with His disciples… did not mean that the covenant made between Lord Yahweh and Israel was no longer in force. They still observed the feasts of Passover, Pentecost and Tabernacles; they also continued to keep the weekly Sabbath.

    The biblical and historical facts show that Christianity was a continuation, an enlargement, and “magnification” of the teachings Lord Yahweh gave through Moshe (Moses), not something brand new!

    So a basic part of the very “foundation” of Christianity was the writings and teachings of the Old Testament prophets—those writings which Christ and the Apostles referred to as “Scripture” again and again!

    First century Christianity was squarely based on the teachings of the “law and prophets”—except for those animal sacrifices and washings which pre-figured the sacrifice of Christ and the cleansing of the Holy Spirit. These sacrifices and washings were made obsolete (Hebrews 9:9–12).

    John 4:22 You are worshiping what you do not know. We know what we are worshiping, for The Life is of (from) the Jews.

    John 10:16 "But I have other sheep (non-Jews) which were not from this fold; I must also bring them. They also will hear my voice, and the entire fold shall be one, and One Shepherd."

    The entire fold (folds, Jews and Christians) shall consist of one fold: Judeo-Christians.

    Ephesians 2:12 And you were at that time without The Messiah, and you were aliens from the government of Israel and strangers to The Covenant of The Promise and you were without hope and without God in the world.

    Non-Jews did not have a relationship with the holy Messiah (Yahshua the Christ) until they became Jewish and placed under the New Covenant from Lord Yahweh.

    13 But now you are in Yahshua The Messiah, when from the first you were distant, and you have come near by the blood of The Messiah.
    14 For he is our peace who made the two one (Jews and Gentiles became one group: Judeo-Christians), and he destroyed the wall that was standing in the middle.

    The "wall" prevented Jews from being Christian while preventing Gentiles (pre-Christians) from being Jewish.

    16 And he has reconciled the two with The Almighty God in one body, and in his crucifixion he has killed the hatred.
    This reconciliation combined the Jews and Gentiles so that they all would become Judeo-Christions (fulfilled Jews).
    18 Because in him, we (Judeo-Christians) both have access by One Spirit to The Father.
    19 Therefore, you (Jews and Gentiles) are not (not anymore) strangers, neither guests, but inhabitants of the city of The Holy One* and children of the household of God (Lord Yahweh).
    Romans 9:24 For we are called, not only from the Jews but also from the Gentiles.
    25 Just as it says also in Hosea: "I shall call those who were not my people, 'My people', and you who were not beloved, 'Beloved'.

    This refers to Gentiles (Pre-Christians) and Christians properly being Jewish.

    Galatians 3:28 There is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither Servant nor Free person, neither male nor female, for all of you are one in Yeshua The Messiah.
    29 And if you are of The Messiah, you are therefore the seed of Abraham and heirs by The Promise. True Christians are Jewish (Judeo-Christian) just as true Jews are Christian (Judeo-Christian).

  16. Romans 2:28-29a

    28 A person is not a Jew who is one only outwardly, nor is circumcision merely outward and physical. 29a No, a person is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is circumcision of the heart, by the [Holy] Spirit, not by the written code. … "

    This necessary change is for all people and has nothing to do with religion. It happens when a person comes to God through His Son, Jesus Christ, believing the gospel and repenting of their sins. Jesus died so that we may receive forgiveness for our sins according to the Scriptures. He was buried and resurrected the third day. Will you make a decision to pray to Jesus today?

  17. Oh god is this really a professor? im studying theology and Im not a professor but I’ve learn the basics and looks like he doesn’t have them. “Tables essential for the business of the temple “ – well, there’s not business supossed to be going on on the temple, it’s a sacred place of worship, not a store. Secondly, they were doing “currency exchange “ for those who came to praise at the temple and needed the city’s currency or buy an animal for sacrifice at the temple and they were ripping people off. This is why Jesus got so upset and called them “cave of thieves”. And more I could say but there really needs to be more understanding of that time’s history and customs before making such conclusions 😅

  18. The Ideology of Christianity is that Jesus is Lord and savior for all, and those that do not accept him are eternally damned. However Yeshu’ah aka Jesus whom could not even save himself as he was being crucified by the Romans (Matthew 27:46) “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” is the Jewish Messiah, and God in human form!?? We see in the Tanakh (Which is what Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are founded off of), which teaches that all of the following Criteria must be fulfilled before any person can be acknowledged as the Messiah: The Main one’s; A) The Messiah must be a member of the tribe of Judah (Genesis 45:10), and direct descendant of King David and King Solomon (2 Samuel 7:12-14). The Christian Bible claims he did not have a “birth-father” (Mathew 1:18-20). C) The temple in Jerusalem will be rebuilt (Isaiah 2:2-3, 56;6-7, 60:7; Ezekiel 37: 26-27) Although Jesus claimed to be the Messiah, he died without fulfilling the Biblical criteria that define the Messiah. The essential concept of the Messiah is of a wise and righteous king who will reign over a restored Jewish homeland and bring about a Utopian world of universal peace (wars have increased in the world since the advent of Christianity) and universal knowledge of G-d. (Isaiah 11:1-9; Jeremiah 33:14-16; Ezekiel 34:23-30, 37:24-28; Micah 4:1-4; Zechariah 8:23; Psalm 86:9 and more.) In light of Jesus' failure to fulfill these and numerous other prophecies, early Christianity proposed that Jesus would return in the future and bring about a redeemed world. Aside from the fact that this claim could be made for any failed Messiah, this concept simply does not appear anywhere in the Jewish Bible which was presented in front of Millions of witnesses as opposed to the “New Testament” which was… behind closed doors. The Jewish belief in G-d as absolutely one and non-corporeal (Deuteronomy 4:12,15,35; 6:4; Isaiah 43:10-11, 45:5-6, 46:9) makes it impossible to accept the Christian belief, and the numerous mistakes in the "New Testament" shows it's definitely not divine. Examples include 1. In three separate places in the Torah (Genesis 46:27, Exodus 1:5, and Deuteronomy 10:22) it is stated that the patriarch Jacob came to Egypt with a total of 70 persons. The NT Book of Acts, 7:14, incorrectly gives the number as 75.
    2. Hebrews 10:5 of the New Testament, quoting Psalm 40, claims that God replaced animal sacrifices with the death of the Messiah, by stating, “Sacrifices and offerings You have not desired, but a body you have prepared for me.” However, the original text from Psalm 40 actually reads much differently, “Sacrifices and meal offerings You have not desired; My ears You have opened.”
    3. In the Book of Genesis, after his death in Egypt, the sons of Jacob, took him and buried him “In the cave in the field of Machpela (Hebron) which Abraham bought the field as a burial place from Ephron the Hittite opposite to Mamre” (50:13). However, in the book “The Acts of the Apostles” in the speech of Stephen, one of the earliest Christians, who surveys the history of Israel from its inception. He says: “So Jacob went down into Egypt, and died, he, and our fathers, and were carried over into Shechem, and laid in the burial place that Abraham bought for a sum of money of the sons of Chamor the father of Shechem” (7:15-16).

  19. Jesus is the only way to God .
    John 14:6
    Jesus answered, "I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me
    We are dead in our sins. If you do not feel God in your soul, you do not know Him.
    Resist the devil and he will flee from you.
    God will then reveal Himself to you…….
    Until we experience God's presence in our soul……. we will remain spectators…………..
    https://youtu.be/iD4ILyzqxM0

  20. All lies. Jews nor Israelites had a religion until they left Egypt which is clearly in the Old Testament. Jesus wasn’t even mentioned in the Old Testament and what happened with the time missing between the Old and New Testament

  21. Because, I think you are Jew who always betrayed, Yahuwah, Yahweh (Jehovah) you don't love Lord love. You always complain.
    Psalm 110 :1 Lord said to my Lord:Sit thou at my right hand: Until I make thy enemies thy foot
    stool.
    Deuteronomy 29:4 And the Lord had not given you heart to understand, eyes to see ear that may hear, unto this present Days.
    God forbid You and yours people so that you all fall, and you and yours people offence Salvation comes to other peoples.
    And in practical as written in Bible, Zacheriah 9:9 Masiaha will come on Ass. Read it, if you still believe yet he will come on Ass in present era and you will recognise him nowadays is time of car, etc (as he Jesus had already done it around 2018 year back).
    Now he will come again only on Judgement day with his full Glory to judge us all.
    Understand that Bible is True and can't not contradict 2 coming of Masiaha (Jesus) one on Ass and one on his Glory on Judgment Day, if you think he is coming only on Judgement Day you Deny (Zacheriah 9:9) Bible is True.

    Lastly want to add to the point.
    Read Exodus 23: 20-21 Yahuwah (Lord) already said that my name is in him.
    YAHU WAH the father.
    YAHU SHUA the son. Everyone Masiaha.
    And if you Believe(Yahushua you will receive him).

  22. Duke how is this not in HD? Also why edit it these into such short clips? People appreciate full conversations let the internet clip it up. At least twice I felt he was cut off and there was more to further illustrate his points. Maybe repost full version?

  23. DAUNTE MARIE SLETTEBAK1 second agoI LIKE YOUR MESSAGE! YOU ARE SO RIGHT! INFACT I DID A BIBLE STUDY YESTERDAY ABOUT THE HOLY BIBLE'S CONFIRMATIONS CONFIRMING WHO JESUS CHRIST IS, HIS POSITION AND PLACE IN HEAVEN! HE IS WHO HE SAYS HE IS!!! READ THE SAMARATIN WOMANS STORY! HOLY BIBLE! I DID AN INDEPTH BIBLE STUDY AND HOLY BIBLE SCRIPTURE MEDITATION YESTERDAY! GOD SHOWED ME ALL THE ANSWERS IN THE HOLY BIBLE…IT IS WRITTEN…IN THE HOLY BIBLE! SO READ UP FOLKS! AND I HAVE INCLUDED SOME VALENTINE BONUS SCRIPTURES FOR YOU AS WELL! I LIKE SO MUCH I JUST HAD TO INCLUDE!!! SO READ UP ALL! THIS IS FOR THAT GUY OUT THERE WHO ASKED ME THE OTHER DAY ONLINE..WHO IS JESUS CHRIST? AND WHAT IS HIS POSITION IN HEAVEN? WHERE IN THE HOLY BIBLE DOES IT CONFIRM THIS? WELL HERE IS YOUR ANSWER TO ALL YOUR Q'S DUDE!!! FIRST READ ISAIAH 44:6THIS IS WHAT THE LORD SAYS…ISRAEL'S KING AND REDEEMER THE LORD ALMIGHTY! I AM THE FIRST, I AM THE LAST! APART FROM ME THERE IS NO GOD!!! WHO THEN IS LIKE ME? LET HIM PROCLAIM IT!!!ALSO…ISAIAH 44:24I AM THE LORD! ISAIAH 45I AM THE LORD AND THERE IS NO OTHER!JOHN 3:35 JESUS CHRIST GIVEN ALL POWER BY GOD THE FATHER!!JOHN 6:35-SALVATION!!!JOHN 3:16-SALVATION PROMISE!!!JOHN 4:23-THE STORY OF THE SAMARATIN WOMAN….AND JESUS SAID…A TIME IS COMING, AND HAS NOW COME WHEN TRUE WORSHIPERS WILL WORSHIIP THE FATHER IN SPIRIT AND TRUTH!!! SO THEY ARE THE KIND OF WORSHIPERS THE FATHER SEEKS! GOD IS SPIRIT AND HIS WORSHIPERS MUST WORSHIP IN SPIRIT AND IN TRUTH!!! THE WOMAN SAID….I KNOW THE MESSIAH!!!CALLED  CHRIST! IS COMING! WHEN HE DOES HE WILL EXPLAIN EVERYTHING TO US!! THEN JESUS CHRIST DECLARED…I WHO SPEAK TO YOU AM HE!!! (SO YOU SEE THIS ENDS THE ARGUMENT FOR ALL ABOUT WHO JESUS CHRIST IS!! THE HOLY BIBLE ALSO SAYS THAT HE SITS ON A THRONE IN HEAVEN AS KING AND MESSIAH OF ALL! IT ALSO SAYS HE IS SEATED NEXT TO HIS FATHER GOD IN HEAVEN!! SO REST ASSURED YOU ARE PRAYING TO THE RIGHT GOD AND MESSIAH SAVIOR WHEN YOU PRAY TO JESUS CHRIST THE NARROW GATE! SADLY SO MANY MISS THIS SOME HOW? I DONT KNOW WHY? MAYBE THEY DONT READ ANYMORE??? YOU CAN NOT LIVE YOUR LIFE OFF OF HEAR SAY? THAT IS JUST NOT WISE!!! OKAY! ALWAYS READ EVERYTHING, ALWAYS QUESTION AND ALWAYS DO THE RESEARCH TO CONFIRM THE REAL TRUTH IN ALL THINGS!! BE WISE!!! JESUS CONFIRMS HIS POSITION AS THE LORD AND MESSIAH!!! SO THAT SHOULD DO IT! CAT IS OUT OF THE BAG! SO NOW YOU KNOW WHO TO WORSHIP! HOLY BIBLE!! VALENTINES DAY BONUS SCRIPTURES HOLY BIBLE….WE ARE MORE THAN CONQURERS SO BEAUTIFUL! ROMANS 8:28-39!!!!VALENTINES DAY BONUS ABOVE!!!D- GOD'S WELCOME WAGON LADY!!!(SO REST ASSURED YOU ARE WORSHIPPING THE RIGHT MESSIAH AND LORD! AND HIS NAME IS JESUS CHRIST OF HEAVEN! AS HE HAS RISEN! AND IS ALIVE AND WELL! AND STRONG ENOUGH TO BEAR ALL YOUR PROBLEMS AND ISSUES! SO CALL ON THE NAME OF THE LORD! IF YOU ARE HURTING, LOST, OR SUFFERING! AS HE HAS THE POWER TO SOLVE ALL KINDS OF PROBLEMS! HE IS IN THE BUSINESS OF SOLUTIONS AND ANSWERS! SO RUN TO YOUR GOD AND HIS SON JESUS CHRIST TODAY! YOU WILL BE GLAD YOU DID! PRAISE GOD HE LIVES!!! THANK YOU JESUS CHRIST AND HAPPY VALENTINES DAY ALL!!! ENTER IN THE NARROW GATE! CHOOSE WISELY! AS THE GATE TO HELL IS WIDE AND THE ROAD TO IT IS EASY! BUT THE NARROW GATE IS NARROW, AND FEW FIND IT! ENTER THROUGH THE NARROW GATE ALL!!! LOVE AND PEACE FOR ALL!! -DALSO I MYSELF HAVE BEEN UNDER TERRIBLE ATTACK BY THE DEVIL AND HIS AGENTS AS OF LATELY! MOST LIKELY BECAUSE I AM SHARING THE TRUTH WITH ALL OF YOU! I CAN ASSURE YOU ALL, I AM HEALTHY AND DOING FINE! I DONT HAVE ANY CRIMINAL, SUBSTANCE ABUSE, PRISON, JAIL, OR ARREST RECORDS! I ALSO DO NOT SUFFER FROM DEPRESSION, DRUGS, ALCOHOL OR MENTAL PROBLEMS! MY DR HAS GIVEN ME A CLEAN BILL OF HEALTH! BUT FOR SOME STRANGE REASON MY MASON RELATIVES THAT ARE JUST LIKE SATANIST, I HAPPEN TO BE STAYING WITH TEMPORARILY HAVE IT OUT FOR ME ALL OF SUDDEN! THEY ARE THROWING UP ALL KINDS OF LIES AND MESS ABOUT ME? WHY? WHO KNOWS? ITS ALL A PACK OF LIES! I AM FINE, AND VERY HAPPY IN JESUS CHRIST AND GOD! AND THAT IS ENOUGH! I HAVE JESUS ON MY SIDE! SO I AM JUST GOING TO IGNORE ALL THE HYPE! AS IT WILL SOON PASS! I AM JUST LIKE JESUS CHRIST WHO I SAY I AM! AND WELL DOCUMENTED! JUST LIKE JESUS CHRIST!!! MAY GOD RICHLY BLESS YOU ALL! HERES YOUR PROOF DUDE!!! -D

  24. I disagree the still stands even for Christians but we are not to depend on the law to save us. Jesus Christ and the laws go together. Except the animal sacrifices no longer stand because Jesus was the permanent sacrifice. And since the year 70 A.D. till today 2017 there is still no sacrifice. The Holy Spirit told me this.

  25. This is a very good example of failed scholarship. It's pure ideology. It has nothing to do with the true meaning of the text, or a genuine contrast between Christianity and Judaism.
    This is what idealogs want to teach, so his research accomplishes just that.
    You will never understand the Hebrew Bible by studying Judaism.
    Judaism is not the religion of the text. It is a religious tradition built upon an interpretation of the text.
    And they got it wrong.

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