A Study of Romans: Chapter 9 – Final Refutation of Dual-Covenant Theology



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Romans 9:30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith. 31 But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness. 32 Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone; 33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.

Romans 9
Romans 2:24-29
Romans 3:1-2
Hebrews 2:16-17
Hebrews 1
Matthew 3:5-12
Genesis 17
Romans 8:14-17
Ephesians 2:4-9
Hosea 2:23
Hosea 1:10
Isaiah 10:20-27
Revelation 12:12-17
Zechariah 13:8-9
Isaiah 28:16
Isaiah 53

Geneva Bible

Gills Exposition

Matthew Poole

Bengel’s Gnomen

Barnes Notes

Gill’s Exposition

good afternoon I hope all doing well Tuesday afternoon just started a primary for me I don't know where you're at but I hope that you're having a good day regardless i actually took a vacation day today I didn't have the time to do so I at work so I thought it was safe to do that I don't pick a full days off very often but I did today oh I've also been kind of busy lately and I've really been wanting to get back to these live streams last time i did was on friday and i was gone all day on Saturdays and a lot of having the car was pretty tired so it wasn't really in the right state to sorry just some other you don't catch out look all that great I just want to make sure everything's gonna be okay before I got started so just give me a couple seconds to make sure your videos on me regardless i have and away from here for a few days now and i thought i was gonna have stuff to do last night but i didn't i didn't have anything prepared or planned or anything like that so i am taking ahead of my time off today and i'm going to go through the next chapter of romans which takes us through the one tonight um sorry I probably actually sorry I don't mind me uh just trying to make sure everything is good to go here I'm just have a problem regardless sorry about all that um so I'm back and then go through the next chapter of Romans which is Romans nice because I really want to go through Romans 11 later this week I need to get four chapters 9 and 10 before I'm able to do that all of those three chapters Romans 9 10 and 11 had to do with the Jew Gentile issue and specifically in Chapter 9 as you'll find as we go through it it's talking about the election of the Gentiles at the rejection of the Jews there most of the ones in view in this chapter and like i said as i go through it you'll see that i will definitely relate to her first but it's got to do with the kind of Teufel way of looking at Israel how they are yes the natural seed of Abraham and luella Jesus took on the seed of Abraham was it King to Jews as a Jew came as a man to redeem mankind but there's the twofold way of looking as reals first of all they are natural see working on they are brethren with Paul who's writing this epistle brethren kinsmen according to the flesh as verse 3 says but they are not and they're saving unbelief sons of God or children of God so that's kinda Teufel way of looking at it and what's really in view here is making a differentiation between the two the title that I assigned to this video is final refutation of dual covenant theology when I get to the end last few verses of this chapter I will for those of you who are unaware of what you'll covenant theology is this chapter is a complete and utter reputation on that theology so I will kind of read you what it is and then it becomes abundantly clear and last few verses of this chapter why that is not correct so what i will do as always and I appreciate your time sorry for da haha the unsteady start out of here but I thought I was going to have a problem with the video I doesn't here I'm going to so I'm going to go ahead and get started again I thank you for your time whether you come in and watch this during which I just set it up so more like they won't have a lot of people in share which is just fine I didn't write anticipate that but if you're watching this after the fact I certainly appreciate your time also so uh oh hey Chris tadalafil so i am just going to start with her read through chapter nine enrollments and then we'll take it from the top verse 1 says i say the truth in Christ I line that my conscience also bearing a witness in the Holy Ghost that I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart for I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren my kinsmen according to the flesh who are Israelites to whom pertaineth the adoption and the glory and covenants and the giving of the law and the service of that promises whose are the fathers and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ Cain who is over all god blessed forever a line not as though they are the seed of Abraham are they all chilled are to be neither because they are the seed of Abraham are they all children but in Isaac shall they see me call that as they which are the children of the flesh these are not the children of God but the children of the promise are counted for the seed where this is a word of promise at this time will I come and Sarah shall have a son and not only this but when Rebecca also had conceived by one even by our Father Isaac for the children being not yet born either having done any good or evil that the purpose of God according to election like stand not a worse but if you have that Colin it was said unto her the elder shall serve the younger as it is written Jacob have I loved but Esau have a haven what shall we say that is their unrighteousness with God god forbid for he said to Moses i will have mercy on whom I will have mercy and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion so that it is not at home that Willa norica netrunner but a god that shows mercy for the scripture said under Pharaoh even for the same purpose how they raised the up that I might show my power NB and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth therefore happy mercy on whom he will have mercy and who he will harden it will not say that unto me why does he find you at fault for who had resisted his well Nate but oh man who art thou that requires two against I shall the thing for me say to him that formed it why has thou made with us hath not the Potter power over the clay of the same lump to make one of us along to our another ought to dishonor what is that willing to show his wrath and to make his power known endured with much long-suffering the vessels of Wrath fitted to destruction and that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of Mercy which he had a floor prepared unto glory even us whom he had called not in the Jews only but also of the Gentiles as he saved also in OC which is the book of Hosea I will call them my people which were not my people and her beloved which was not beloved and it shall come to pass that in the place where it was said unto them ye are not my people there shall be called the children of the Living God his eyes also cries concerning Israel though the number of the children of Israel be as the sea end of the sea the remnant shall be saved where he will finish the work and cut it short and righteousness because a short work will make the Lord little one makeup on the earth and as Isaiah said before itself the Lord of the Sabbath had left us a sieve we have been in Sodom and then they like I'm to velora what shall we say then that the Gentiles which followed not after righteousness have attained to righteousness even righteousness which is of faith but Israel which followed after the law of righteousness have not attained to a law of righteousness wherefore because they saw it not by faith but as it were by the works of the law where they stumbled at that stumbling stone as it is written behold I lay in science some links don't lack of offense and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed so there is a very stark contrast being drawn throughout this chapter regarding the natural seed of Abraham as compared to the natural sea of Abraham who will be the children of God but because of the rejection of the Messiah the stumbling stone the rock of offense that came to the army rejected salvation is now come unto the Gentiles so it's talking mainly about how Israel had so much potential at that time because they have been given so much my god for all of the Old Testament everything they had so much knowledge given by God they had the Covenant promises given to the forefathers which passed through the natural seed of Abraham but it didn't have faith and so that's where we get into your title of us is the dual covenant theology thing is those covenants were promised to the natural seed but it wasn't promised to the spiritual seed which is adopted by faith so hey Dan I'm welcome what a treat for two thing I hear my vacation day today so I was trying to make them okay but welcome i'm glad you're here so i'm going to take it out to the top I like i said i'll hit max and dual coming at theology thing where i get down to the end of the chapter because my gun i believe hopefully if i do a good job it will be abundantly clear one day if you're not familiar with you'll come yet theology and i read to you what it is you will immediately understand why i named the checker final refutation of dual covenant theology so we go back up to romans 91 and in these first few verses will read the first five together that all take you through a couple of different commentaries and other bible verses of things like that but we have really the heart of Paul being laid out here where he is truly being grieved great happiness continual sorrow because he understands the position that through the rejection of the Messiah Israel has put herself in unbelieving Israel who does not have faith who stumble it some ways to order the rock of offense rejected the Messiah sanford and son came to be crucified and because he knows the significance of that and because it is a faith thing and not just you are the actual seed of Abraham so you automatically get this thing he's grieved at this first one says I say the truth in Christ I'll I not my conscience also bearing me witness and the Holy Spirit are the Holy Ghost so he's saying I'm telling you that you're here being a hundred percent truthful verse 22 I are great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart first three tells us the extent to which call feels this toward his name natural kinsmen because he was a Jew so he's talking about feeling this way for his people who are also refused why because of their rejection because of their living in a state of unbelief verse 3 tells us exactly what he wishes that he could do to rectify that situation but obviously he can't first races where I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren my kinsmen according to the flesh and this has kinsmen according to the flesh because again he is a you referring to his natural seed of Abraham do brothers and sisters do brethren he's saying for I wish that myself were cursed from Christ for my brethren the Apostle loved his brethren so completely that if it had been possible he would have been ready to have redeemed the castaways of Israel with the loss of his only soul forever this goes back to the idea that Jesus talked about Ariana 1513 greater love hath no man than this that a man lay down his life for his friends and this is carrying the sentence of the Apostles wish that if there was a way for what Paul through his own done to save his entire Jewish brethren he wishes that he would be he could do that for them because he loves them so much and he knows how far away from God they truly are even if they don't recognize it themselves and so that's exactly what he's saying is I wish there was a way even if I had to sacrifice my own self for it that I could do that and all of all of my Jewish brethren could be safe but they can because it doesn't work like that because the one who offered that to them was the one that they sent to the cross the one who could redeem them through his death his burial and his resurrection had already come and they have heard so even though Paul is so grieved and so sorrowful in his heart wishing that he could somehow make amends for the wrongdoing that that his brother did to Jesus can't first Lawrence I talked about how special the Jews are and why it's almost worse maybe it just is worse that because of all of the things that they have given to them all the knowledge all of the ceremonial things that customs what they had been raised in from birth to that is everything guy related and still they rejected his Messiah vs. Mordechai said who are Israelites talking about his kinsmen according to the flesh again it's not a spiritual thing it's just a completely natural thing because natural relationship because Paul was a Jew so he's referred to his kinsmen and reflects your Israelites to whom pertaineth the adoption and the glory and the covenants and the giving of the law and the service of God and promises whose are the fathers and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came who is over all that blessed for everyone so that's just kind of lays it on the line about exactly how special these people were and how much more stark it makes the rejection of Jesus because they were given everything they were given every opportunity and they just chucked it right now it's like they almost didn't want he has Paul is already actually spoken about this in a couple of different places in Romans Romans chewing free soul start enrollments to inverse um 23 I guess it says now that make us boast of the law if you're breaking up the law of dishonor esta God for the name of that is lasting among the Gentiles through you as is written because of their behavior we were not a good example to Gentiles for circumcision barely profited if that keep the law but if thou a breaker of Allah they circumcision as mean uncircumcision and I basically according to be multiplied even the Abrahamic covenant back burner was given in Genesis which I will actually take you to work our way through this circumcision was a mandate for all Jews so he's saying you think yourselves better because you're circumcised better than those who are not who are Gentiles but really or not verse 26 of Rome excuses therefore if the uncircumcision keep the righteousness of the law shall not have circumcision be counted uncircumcision covered he counted for circumcision so he's making the disparity between the Jews and the Gentiles say you're one way because our luck ought you to be but even if they do the things that they're supposed to would it not comfort them in a spiritual capacity first 27 says and shall not uncircumcision which is by its nature if it fulfill the law judge me.who by the letter and circumcision just transgress the law so you're not better because you did that if you're doing the wrong thing it's still the wrong thing for he is not a Jew which is one outwardly neither that is circumcision which is outward in the flesh but he is a Jew which is when inwardly and the circumcision is that of a heart in the spirit and not in the letter whose praise is not of men but of that and then in Romans 3 he says what advantage done half of you or what profit is there in circumcision he's saying you just spent all this time talking about there not being an assassin for circumcision in the flesh but circumcision in the heart and how the Jews we got themselves so much better than the Gentiles because they were circumcised and they followed their law which really they weren't because if you look at the spirit of the law courses the letter of a lot of thing they were actually doing what they were supposed to so he's breaking down that barrier and saying don't think yourself better just for doing these things to be seen your mind when really you're not actually doing the right thing or are you doing the right thing for the right reason it all goes back to the heart I'm there the circumcision of the flesh not of the heart so he starts off in Romans 3 saying what advantages I have to do or what profit is there a circumcision like so if you're telling me it doesn't matter then why does it matter that I would you not me specifically but in here much every way cheaply that because I unto them were committed the Oracles of God so he's saying there's a lot of difference and there's a lot of benefit chiefly because I'm today we're committed the Oracles of God and that is exactly what Romans 9 45 were talking about who are is realized human pertains the adoption and the glory and the covenants and the giving of the law and a service of that and a promises whose are the fathers and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came so going back to Romans 3 to where it says there's a big difference you guys were given all this stuff the Oracles of God here's a commentary from gills exposition about that it says the Oracles of God by which are meant a lot of Moses and the writings of the prophets the institutions of the ceremonial law and prophecies of the Messiah and the Gospel Church state and in a word all the books of the Old Testament and whatsoever is contained in them which are called so because they are divine inspiration contain the mining will of God and are infallible and authoritative and it was the privilege and profit of the Jews that they were trusted with them when other nations were not and so had the advantage of them they had them for their own use we're here by they had a more clear and distinct knowledge of God then the Gentiles couldn't have had by the light of nature and beside became acquainted with the doctrines of a trinity of persons in the Godhead of the sonship and DV of the Messiah of the sacrifice satisfaction righteousness of the Redeemer and goat salvation by him and also with the manner of worshipping about according to as well all which the Gentiles were angering up moreover they had the honor of being the keepers of these sacred books these did I Oracle's and are transmitting them to posterity for the use of other so that's kind of a whole thing about the Jews as they were special they were God's people all the way back from Genesis and they were given all of this in preparation for the day that their Redeemer their Messiah would come who they rejected and so that's what Paul was talking about in he was breaking down the barrier between Jew and Gentile really was drawing a distinction about being a natural jus versus being adapted by God into the family of God spiritual circumcision versus just a physical one talking about faith versus the law big race versus work saying so in Romans to use breaking down that barrier and saying just because you think you're so special because you have this you're really not because your heart's not where it needs to be but then immediately in Rome is three he says well if there's no is there anything special being a Jew yes absolutely there it everything that God gave you up to that point so that you would recognize his Messiah why the time came and that's where Roman design picks up talking about how special the Jews work who again pertaineth the adoption in the Lord and the confidence in the giving of the law and a service of God and the promises whose artifice or the forefather Abraham Isaac and Jacob and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came again it's talking about the linearly or the de génie at genealogical ancestry that kind of thing they are descended from the Holy patriarchs Abraham Isaac and Jacob with other holy fathers and prophets and of the same blood this was also a great privilege of which did you okay so I don't know which is kept in there um sorry i just saw my livestream boy a little bit nuts so i don't know how long it was going that score but i will reread a little bit of what i was reading it hopefully you didn't miss anything sorry about that i was actually reading in verse 5 from his eyes says who are the Fathers were the forefathers of Israel of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came and so basically what i was saying in if this is a repeat i'm sorry i don't know exact title live stream cut off but it's talking about the physical descent of the jews from a holy patriarch Abraham Isaac and Jacob along with other holy fathers and profits of the same bloodline and that there was a great privilege of which the Jews boasted and then concerning the flesh Christ came in or who he came out up it's the people of the Jews the meeting is that Christ took his human nature of their staff it is a great honor may I kind of in Christ took not the nature of angels but of a man and it is a great honor to the nation of the Jews that he took I'm the seed of Abraham their father and we find this innkeepers to starting in verse 16 it says he very are for verily he took not on him the nature of angels but he took on him to seed of Abraham wherefore in all things that behoove him to be made like unto his brethren that he might be a merciful and so high praises and things pertaining to God to make reconciliation for the sins of the people so we have here that price physically took on the seed of Abraham he was a he came as a Jew for the Jews yes sorry about that Diana I don't know what happened hopefully it wasn't too bad my hopefully it won't myself the video after it all finishes um but here we have that it was a great Bose to the Jews to be oh he built the coded lineage of other people the chosen people of God again it goes back all the way to Genesis and when Jesus came he took on him the seed of Abraham he was a Jew for Jews and that's pretty much exactly what Versailles Romans 9 son of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came who is over all god blessed forever amen this actually Hebrews 1 was the closest thing I could I could find to talk about this pretty much all of Hebrews talks about this but talking about Christ being over all so starting in verse 1 of Hebrews when it says God who at sundry times and in diverse manners spake and time passed on to your father's by the prophets hath in these last days spoken us unto us by his son whom he hath appointed heir of all things by whom also he made the world's who being the brightness of his glory and the Express image of his person and upholding all things by the word of his power when he had by himself purged our sins sat down at the right hand of Majesty on high being made so much better than the Angels as he hath my inheritance obtained a more excellent nning the day or unto which of the angel said he at any time thou art my son this day I have begotten thee and again I will be a father to hear Mickey show to be to me a son and again when he bringeth in the first fiat into the world he say I've let all of the angels of God worship her for all the angels he said who maketh his angel spirits and his ministers will fire flame of fire but unto the son he saith and I throne O God is for ever and ever scepter of righteousness as the scepter of the kingdom thou has loved righteousness and hated iniquity therefore God even thy God hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows and now Lord in the beginning has laid the foundation of the earth and the heavens are the works of thy hands they shall Paris perish but they'll remain us and they all show as old as Delta has a vesture shalt doubt fold them up and they shall be changed but now aren't the same and the years shall not fail so that was kind of the comment one of the places I could have gone probably there's not a lot of places talking about price to Cain who is overall a new God blessed forever so that in the next verses we're going to get into the promises that were made the covenants that works tended through the natural seed of Abraham through Abraham but how that does not in any way shape or form mitigate me for a grace are you saved through faith so in verse 6 Romans 9 says not as though the workout have taken none effect for they were not all Israel which are of Israel either because they are a seed of Abraham are they all children what it Isaac shall they be seen shall I see ecole so he's right off of that making a distinction between the natural seed of Abraham and the spiritual seed of Abraham and it's a faith issue it's not just a following the works and not just a who you were born to the lineage of this is a there's a very big distinction being drawn here so again in verse 6 he says not as though the Word of God have taken none effect for they are not all Israel which are of Israel neither because they are to see if Abraham are they old children but in Isaac shall thy seed be called Matthew 3 John the Baptist actually spoke directly to this point starting in verse 7 and I just re verse 6 verse 9 haha then they went out to him Jerusalem in all Judea and all the region round about Jordan and were baptized of him in Jordan confessing their sins so I've been about John the Baptist the verse 7 it says but when he saw many of the fair Oh Sees come to his baptism he said unto them o generation of vipers who warned you to flee from the wrath to come bring forth your fourth fruits meet for repentance and think not to say within yourselves we have Abraham to our Father for I say unto you that God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham and now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees therefore every tree which burns not bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down and cast into the fire I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance but he that cometh after me is mightier than I whose shoes I am not worthy to bear he shall baptize you in the Holy Ghost I with fire whose fan is in his hand and he will thoroughly purge his floor and gather his knee into the gardener but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire so John the Baptist in nephi 3 the saying exactly what Paul is in verses 6 and 7 of Romans 9 he's saying that just because they were the natural seed of Abraham god can I was on the court raised up stones like it's easy for God to do to bring more children of Abraham of the natural seed of Abraham and that goes back to the covenant promise back in Genesis where he said that the seed of Abraham what number is the stars of the sky or is the sands of the sea and be innumerable and so it's easy forgot to do that that's not what's new you hear is natural seed of Abraham there's a distinction being made and it's not that these people should think themselves safe from having to repent in order to be saved by the God that they worship it's that faith is a necessary part of the equation and that is what they're lacking and that's why I can say in verse time of Matthew three and now also the axe is laid to the root of the trees therefore every tree which brings not good fruit bread not forth good fruit is hewn down and cast into the fire he's telling the natural seed of Abraham oh well then obvious there's something bigger at play here there's something there would be no reason for him to be baptizing and telling these people to repent and believe if there wasn't a need for that and so obviously their heads and so obviously as a result here is a distinction being driving between salvation and the natural seed of Abraham so back to romans nine eight six and seven again where they are not all Israel which are of Israel neither because they are the seed of Abraham are they all children but in Isaac shall thy seed be called I'm still taking a Genesis 17 in just a second but there's a few more verses that I want to read before I do that because essentially it's going to be a replay what we see in Genesis 17 so we're back to verse 8 in Romans ayah says that is they which are children of the flesh these are not the children of God but are the children of the promise are counted for the seed so again it's a distinction they are not the children of God because they not believe his Messiah Jesus Christ the Gospel message with death burial and resurrection so their children of the flesh they're not children of the Spirit there is not that repentance there's no accepting his grace offered by their faith but they are the children of promise and counted for the seed of Abraham which again in Isaac shall thy seed be called / the Abrahamic covenant verse 9 it says where this is the word of promise at this time well I comment Sarah shall have a son so we see that i'll take you to Genesis 17 we're going to go through almost of the chapter here it says I when Abram was 90 years old and nine the Lord appeared to Abram and said unto Him I am The Almighty God walk before me and be thou perfect and I will make my covenant between me and thee and will multiply the exceedingly Negron fell on his face and not talk to him saying as for me cool my covenant is with thee and thou shalt be a father of many nations neither shall a baby anymore called Abram but I shall be Abraham for father of many nations have I made thee and I will make the exceeding fruitful and I will make nations of thee and Kings shall come out early and I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after the end their generations for an everlasting covenant to be a god unto the into i seed after thee then I will give unto the Mt thy seed after thee a land wherein thou art a stranger all the land of Canaan for an everlasting possession and I will be their God and God said unto Abraham without shall keep my covenant therefore thou and thy seed after thee in their generations this is my covenant which you shall keep between me and Hugh and I see accurately every man child among you shall be circumcised and that goes back to what I was talking about in Romans to Annie shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin and it shall be a token of the Covenant betwixt me and you and he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you Irie man child in your generations he that is born in the house or bought with money of any stranger which is not a lessee he that is born in the house and he does bought with my money must needs be circumcised and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant and he um verse 15 it says and God said unto Abraham as for Sarai thy wife thou shall not call her name Sarai but Sarah jean hurley feet and I will bless her and give thee a son also of her yay i will last her and she shall be a mother of nation kings of people shall be up her then Abraham fell on his face and laughed and said in his heart shall a child be born unto him that is a hundred years old and shall Sarah that is 90 years old bear and Abraham said unto God oh that Ishmael might live before thee and God said Sarah thy wife will bear thee a son indeed and I shall call his name eyes which means laughter is Abraham left when he told oh my god told you would have a son by sarah and i will establish my covenant with him isaac for an everlasting covenant and with his seed after him and as for Ishmael I have heard the old I blessed him will make him fruitful and will multiply him exceedingly twelve Prince's shall he beget and I will make him a great nation but my covenant will I establish with Isaac which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year time he left off talking with him and God went up from Abraham so that and Genesis on a team is where we have exactly what Paul is talking about in Romans 9 so going back up to verse 7 it says neither because they are obscene if Abraham are they all children again making a distinction between the spiritual and the natural seed of Abraham but an Isaac shall thy seed be called that's the natural seed that is they which are the children of the flesh these are not the children of God but the children of the promised the covenant promise just extended are counted for the seed where this is the word of promise at this time will I come and Sarah shall have us on but not only this but when Rebecca also had conceived by one even by our father Isaac it was said unto her the elder shall serve the younger i skipped first 11 if you're following along but I will come back to that verse 13 it says as it is written Jacob have I loved but Esau have unheated so I'll get to that in just a second but verse 11 very very important this is parenthetical most kind of i skipped it for a second it says for the children being not yet born neither having done any good or evil let the purpose of that according to election might stand not a works but of him that call it until this goes right into what I'm going to talk about in the next segment of verses um I'll serve in verse 12 verse 13 where it says as it is written Jacob have I loved but Esau have I hated verse 14 says what shall we say then is there unrighteousness with God god forbid in a commentary it says the reference is not the spiritual state of each of the two brothers talking about Jacob have I love Danny saw him I hated but to the external condition of Jacob and Esau in the like manner as the Corporal birth of Isaac is the type of spiritual things all Israelites are not saved and all Edomites of horror of the line of Esau are not damned but Paul intimates that there is a difference between the sons of Abraham and Isaac so there was a difference among the posterity of Israel that's what's in view there not that one would be less than the other curse or that one would be able to obtain total salvation the other would be destitute of the opportunity to repent and be safe but he's talking about how there were in the eyes of God there was special election given based on your covenant promises in Genesis 22 seed of Abraham specifically through Isaac and when Jacob Abraham Isaac and Jacob and this is what's in view not looking at as a I hate that I love in the flesh it's jacob have i loved have I extended my covenant promises through the seed of Jacob not Esau and that's why I wanted to read a commentary there which says all Israelites are not safe coming from Jacob just like all edomites are not damn coming from eSAB but he's relating the differences and the promises given through both and obviously again before father's he mentioned here in this chapter or Abraham Isaac and Jacob Esau is not one so he's just differentiating that there are different things interview for different people groups that come all the different line and they ask where verse 11 comes in because we have to remember that when the covenant promises were extended in Genesis to Abraham no one not even Isaac who was the first of his life hit the first one whose privacy none of them were born so God is extending the special election to the Jews to seed of Abraham before even one of them existed and that's like verse 11 says for the children being not yet born neither having done any good or evil so he's not saying I gave them the special election because of what they did for me none of them existed so that wasn't even a thought God put this special covenant in place with the seed of Abraham because he was taking us of people for himself so he's saying neither having done any good or evil none of them have even been born yet so that wasn't even a consideration it wasn't a merit-based thing it was that this is what God decided to do too excited to extend covenant promises I a specific people reports the Civic purpose notwithstanding anything I have them had ever done marrying or not marrying it because none of them had been born and that wasn't again it wasn't either consideration at that time it was something that God sent in place for a purpose to a people at did not yet exist so again verse 11 from his children being not yet born you're having done any good or evil that the purpose of God according to election might stand not a works but if he might call it he decided to do this so we put his plan into motion and that's where we kind of pick up with you an idea here in verse 15 it says for he said to Moses i will have mercy on whom I will have mercy and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion so that so then it is not of him that Willa nor of him that runnin are glad that she with mercy this is basically saying I will do what he will do because he knows his plan in his eternal purpose and so he will set these things in motion and determine the course of events it kind of goes back to Isaiah 46 not even go there is one else I gotten there is none like me declaring the end from the beginning my counsel shall stand and I shall do all my pleasure even though people may not understand why the lies behind it was that does and so everything that he does is to serve his to satisfying his eternal plan and purpose to satisfy his will and again that's not something that we are all privy to but that's where trust comes in so we saying I did this for a reason way back when I set all of this in motion for any of them ever existed i extended these covenant promises to a people group that would exist further down the line what they didn't at that time though I had nothing to do with them and everything to do only with what I wanted to do for this person and for this people group that again was not yet but would be in the future and that is exactly what were sixteen cents so that so that it is not a him that well ignored him that right talking about individual people it's not looking at the Jews today and saying I'm going to do this based on how they are saying I'm looking at looking at the Covenant promises I made way back when when they were not even alive and that is they are part of this seed because I willed it to be that way through nothing of their own so they didn't it is just their part of a covenant people but it's a covenant of the flesh not at the spirit and again that's a distinction being made here so he's saying it's not because of anything they did or didn't you it's because they are part of the election of people i sent forth through their forefather Abraham justice team so it's not because of them not even that will ignore him that running but of God that show of mercy uh one of the things I kind of wanted to talk about you and this was just kind of a passing thought when I was going through these verses but in the old testament in the holy of holies the law was in the Ark of the Covenant covered by the mercy seat there's a very very important word picture being drawn there because then God the presence of valuers hiding on the mercy seat basically what that tells you is that mercy is above the law and that God is the one who gives forth the mercy so that's kind of word picture that's interview here too is that they follow the law because that was their end all be all but in their temple and in their tabernacle of old it was the mercy that's not above the law mercy of God here God says I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion the mercy supersedes the law which is the whole point of review covenant I'll get ended two occasions to which talks about that also when we get further down but my god is the one who grants that mercy so his privates resides on the mercy seat which sits above the law and that's something just to kind of keep in mind too so verse um here is something further about that verse where it says he will have mercy on us he will have mercy and compassion on who knows he will have compassion on it says it is proof of his benevolence than any are safe and where none have a claim we're all are justly condemned and he has a right to party whom he pleases to extend mercy and those who will choose to excite mercy on and according to the New Covenant as those who believe in the gospel message of His Son Jesus Christ the executive of a country may select any number of criminals whom he may see fit to pardon or who maybe get forgiven inconsistency with the supremacy of the laws and the welfare of the community and none has a right to complain but every good citizen should result rejoice that any may be burdened with safety so in the moral world and under the administration of its fully sovereign it should be a matter of joy that any can be pardoned and sneak and not a subjective murmuring and complained that those who shall find the user today I shall be consigned to whoa and that kind of gets into these next few verses here because the I kind of got a little frustrated because this is not an uncommon complaint but what it does demonstrate of the complainer is a complete non understanding of who the onus is on to do something it's not I'm glad to save us it's on us to do what we need to do in order to be saved you'll see what I mean first time I Tina says for the scripture saith unto Pharaoh even for the same purpose have erased the up that I might show my power ND and that my name might be declared throughout all year and that was indeed what the exodus was all about was that God used someone who was antithetical to his purpose anyway to show himself sovereign a love Pharaoh and above the gods of Egypt it wasn't that Sarah would have acted in another manner that he would have left Israelites go if God had a lot of weak you and God just didn't it was that Farrah had already determined his course of action based on his beliefs and based on his heart as a part and God left him to it first 18 says therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy and whom he will keep Hardiman that will say I'm to me why does he get fined fault for who had resisted his will this is a very big misconception among some people and even uh until I started studying Exodus I questions about this too because it says a God hardened Pharaoh's heart and then God eventually winds up killing Pharaoh with the Red Sea incident then how would Pharaoh have stood a chance at all but what people don't or maybe they don't know or what they forget is that all the ten plagues I believe six or seven of them came with Pharaoh choosing to not let them go and hardening his heart gradually against them because he was angry and he kept getting angrier as all this stuff was being done to him and his people into his land he kept getting angrier and every time the anger would come he would heard of his heart even more until God finally just gave him over to it and then obviously nothing was quite come with it anyway but there was a point which that said my mercy is at an end the final place came the last of which was the killing of the first one and I fear outside just go and they get but that means you can changed his mind and came after them so it wasn't that guy just hardened Pharaoh's heart and gonna give him an opportunity off the bat it was a progression Romans one talks about this too is that people are aware of Jesus Christ in America especially you can't travel very far in the cities I not see a church the idea of religion the idea of faith the idea of Jesus is something that people are probably over exposed to and so as a result they kind of started paying it no mind but it's not something that's unknown or that people can even claim appearance up especially in this country and then Romans 1 also talks about creation how people are surrounded by creation that even if they didn't hear the gospel they declare to see the Creator in his creation what they firmly chose to reject it they chose to bring guy down their own level in making something completely that he is now to suit their own needs or to suit their own desires and continued in these lives it's in until God stops trying to call them to your items and just gave them what they wanted let him have it I mean if someone's going to continue to spit in your face and slap you here comes a point at which you told them what they need they have all of these facts to make their own decision and at some point you just leave them to it knowing that you've done what you can and that they're going to at every stage in in every situation rejecting that's what helped me with Pharaoh was that he had chance after chance after chance at least six of the time before God heard in his heart and said you're not going to do it anyway so fine I'm going to make a show of you and I'm going to prove myself sovereign over not only you but all these other gods in these idols say sir and so if he did so uh that goes back to verse 19 the absolute wrong conclusion to draw for one that can be drawn it says if without wilt say then done to me why does he at find fault for food heck resisted his will saying so God if everything goes according to God's will then why can't he save me it's like if I'm only doing what his will says that I can do then I must be okay because if he wanted me to do something different than I would be doing something different so it's not my father's guys ah no second Peter 39 says for God is not slack concerning his promise as some men count slackness but is long-suffering to us-ward not willing to any should perish not willing that any should perish but that all should come to repentance but that will only happen if a free-will choice is made by every single person and ever single situation to choose Jesus Christ as their Lord my Savior so it kind of clear at this prayer session I kind of got a little upset because I've heard people say that before and it drives me a little bit he said they're basically saying so how can you find fault with me when I'm only doing what God is willing me to do well no well plainly told God is not willing that any should perish the wages of sin is death so if he's not willing that any would remain in their sin unto death which which leads to eternal separation for him random he's willing that all should come to repentance which is changing their mind believing in Jesus Christ his death burial and his resurrection however man is given free will to use in whatever capacity for whatever decision making processes they have some will choose Jesus Christ and some will not so we saying this these people in these verses are saying so why is he gonna find fall with me when I'm only doing what his will is well know if he had his will it would be that you would choose his son and you're resisting that will and you're not doing what you're supposed to there will not be salvation for you because you are not choosing to do what God has plainly said you must do in order that he can save you verse 27 a but oh man who art thou that replies to against God shalt thou food that shelf the thing formed the creation say to him that formed it why has thou madest us will notice because you're a person made in the image of God with a free will to use to choose to do whatever you want got it make you that way he may be with a free will to choose to be that way that is perfect we are not his plan and his will are perfect our plan an hour will are not that's the ultimate arrogant thought to have is that will who are you to tell me that I'm doing something wrong you made me this way well no you made yourself that way when you choose between each other's to not do what I told you needed to do to be safe the ultimate arrogance so Oh like no like who are you imperfect Center to say that what God is is doing or saying his plan his will his perfectness Wow who are you to call it any question verse 21 says half not the powder power over the clay of the same lump to make one a vessel unto honor another unto dishonor what if god willing to show was rad and to make his power known like he did with Pharaoh endured with much long-suffering the vessels of Wrath finna to destruction just like second Peter 39 says what air what if you're allowed to exercise your free will in spite of God and then blame him how dare you for the choices that you made that didn't didn't fit in with what he said they needed to fit in to achieve a specific outcome what if he's being long-suffering anyway giving you the opportunity to change your mind and do the right thing where you continually spit in his face and spit in his face and say I don't need to i don't want you you need to save me anyway no what if that malaysia was round to make his power known to judge sin and unrighteousness like he has the capability of doing and will need to any just judge eventually do instead endured with much long-suffering the vessels of Wrath those who are not his children those who have not come to a saving knowledge of Jesus Christ those who are fitted to your destruction that in the interim period he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy those who want to and have come to a saving knowledge of Jesus Christ who are his children by adoption into his family which he had for prepared unto glory Ephesians 2 verse 4 says but God who is rich in mercy for his great love wherewith he loved us even when we were dead in our sins has quickened us together with Christ by grace ye are saved and have raised this up together and made a sick in together sit together and heavenly places in Christ Jesus now I'm going on free will doing things that are antithetical to the Gospel message of emo save us anyway it says he's raised this up together and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus Jesus a under them I am the way the truth in like no man cometh unto the father but by me very clean very clear why then in the ages to come he might show the exceeding riches of His grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus here's one mediator between God and man the man Christ Jesus for by grace are ye saved through faith and that not of yourselves it is the gift of God not of works lest any man should boast so I got a little excited about those verses because I am just sitting here thinking how dare people blame God and demand that he saved them anyway because they're only doing what he he's allowing them according to his will to do well know what he's allowing is I'm to exercise their free will to choose him and they're not doing it and because they're not he has said the wages of sin is death sin is my righteousness those people would not believe who have not been created with created by God and righteousness and holiness because they not believe and what he said they muscled even to be saved which is Jesus Christ the Gospel message against death burial and resurrection so those people have no leg to stand that because they are the ones who chose to reject the way that he said they what they needed to do in order to be safe and how dare they throw that man oh my god he's not the one that made them reject his his Messiah has Savior his son and Redeemer he chose to do that all on their own when they want to blame God for further stupid decisions well it doesn't work like that that's what Paula tell'em it doesn't work like so a verse 23 said that and that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of Mercy which he had four prepared on to glory even us whom he had called not of the Jews only but also of the Gentiles why did the Gospel message have even the ability to go to the Gentiles because the Jews rejected Jesus came to Israel to redeem Israel and they rejected him they demanded he be crucified he lay down his leg the gospel message was the sport his death burial in his resurrection on the third day according to the scriptures but it wasn't until acts after he ascended into heaven and he gave the gift of the Holy Spirit that the Gospel message was able to be taken to Jen paths why because use your deck did so God enrich in His grace and His mercy desired to take another people group for himself who would not reject me that's the Gentiles verse 25 s he said also in Hosea I will call them my people which were not my people and her beloved which was not beloved Hosea 223 also saw this and I will sew her unto me in the earth and I will have mercy upon her to had not obtained first and i will say to that which were not my people thou art my people and they shall say thou art my god that is the adoption of the Gentiles intuitive family of jesus christ romans 8 poor as many as are led by the Spirit of God they are the sons of God for ye had not received the spirit of bondage again to fear but ye have received the spirit of adoption whereby we cry Abba Father the spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit that we are the children of God and if children then heirs heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ if so be that we suffer with him that we may be also glorified together um and then in verse 26 says and it shall come to pass that in the place where it was said unto them year dat my people there shall they be called the children of the Living God and this comes from Hosea 110 works as yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as a sand of the sea which cannot be measured or number / v8 with human covenant and it shall come to pass that into place where its unto them ye are not my people there shall be said unto them you are the sons of the Living God not only children of God talking about the Gentiles here but I'm a living God in opposition to their Idol gods their lifeless deities and senseless statues a bull silver brass wood or stone they fell down to it workshop the chosen of God among the gin tiles were from all eternity predestinated to the adoption of the children and that goes back to Romans 8 15 for you have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear that ye have received the spirit of adoption this blessing was provided laid up and secured for them in the covenant of grace infusions to for by grace are ye saved through faith not of yourselves it is the gift of God not of works lest any man should boast in this relation of children were they given to Christ and under this consideration of them did he partake of the same flesh and blood with them and die together them together who were scattered abroad in the several parts of the world and because they were antecedently sons by adopting grace therefore the spirit of god ineffectual calling and sent down into their hearts to bear witness to their spirits that they were the children of the Living God and to work faith in their souls to believe it by which grace they receive this blessing as all others even the right and privilege of being the children of God by this they claim it and enjoy the comfort of it and so are manifestly both to themselves and others the children are God by faith in Christ Jesus though this will be more clearly a pure so this little more clearly up here another day than it does now tell you other day of glorification but that is basically in those two verses actually yes to worship Romans 9 25 and 26 he's basically quoting the Old Testament prophets who prophesied about the time that the Gentiles would be given away to the father that it wouldn't just be for the Jews that it wouldn't just be for the natural seed of Abraham who are not by definition of only being the seed of Abraham and ears to the Covenant promised through Abraham Isaac and Jacob but they are not because they don't have a in Jesus Christ of the children they're not children of God there's a natural seed of Abraham but they are not children of that because they don't believe in Jesus Christ which is the whole point of this um and then he goes back to pulp starting in verse 27 he goes back to Israel the first the previous two versions were talking about the rafting in of the Gentiles into the Covenant upgrades the new covenant and then he goes back to talking about Israel in verse 27 says Isaias also cried concerning Israel though the number of the children of Israel ESS standard the sea a remnant she'll be safe okay so these are the verses that get into the refutation of dual covenant theology and there's really not a clearer way to say that there is that dual covenant theology is a lie then these verses but specifically first 27 Isaiah the prophet Old Testament prophet though the number of the children of Israel be as the sands of the sea a remnant shall be saved not the whole thing a remnant why because dual covenant theology is not true from wikipedia it says dual covenant we're to covenant theology is a school of thought in Christianity regarding the relevance of the Hebrew Bible which Christians call the Old Testament most Christians views most Christian views on the Old Covenant hold the Old Testament has been superseded or abrogated and replaced with the new covenant which is the only the only one the biblical covenants that remains valid today not true duo covenant theology is unique in holding that the Old Covenant or the Bible's law of Moses remains valid for Jews while the New Covenant only applies to 9news were Gentiles that is one % false in Romans 9 27 through the rest of the chapter put that thought to shame though the number of the children of Israel be as the sands of the sea a remnant she'll be safe which does not in any way support what this says about dual covenant theology that the Old Covenant or the Bible's law of Moses remains valid for the Jews it cannot save them and if it could then it wouldn't only be a remnant that would be saved with all of them but we don't we see that that is not true verse 28 says where he will finish the work and cut it short in righteousness because a short will work will the Lord make upon the earth Isaiah 10 this actually in verse 22 I'll start in verse 20 helluva antenna says and it shall come to pass in that day that a remnant of Israel and such as our escape at the house of Jacob shall no more against a upon him that smoke them but shall stay upon the Lord the Holy One of Israel and truth a remnant the remnant shall return even the remnant of Jacob unto the mighty God for tho thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea yet remnant of them shall return the consumption degree decree to overflow with righteousness for the Lord God of hosts shall make a consumption even determine intimate civil and therefore thus saith the Lord God of hosts all my people that whilst in Zion be not afraid of the Assyrian he shall smite be with the rod and shall lift up his staff against the after the matter of Egypt for yet a very little while and the indignation shall cease and my anger in their destruction and the Lord of Hosts shall stir Oscars for him according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock opera and asses was eponymous see so shall he lifted up a meter of Egypt and it shall come to pass in that day that his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder and his yoke from off my neck and they do show me the story because of the anointing this is talking about the end of the 70th week it's probably a dual fulfillment this is talking about the end of the series of the 70th week and got Jesus's destruction of the Antichrist who is called a few different times the Old Testament refer to as the Assyrian and it basically relates to the events of Revelation 19 but in talking about the remnant preserved this also has links to Revelation 12 starting in verse 12 it says therefore rejoice he heavens needed well in them woe to the inhabitants of the sea for the devil has come down unto you having great wrath because you know what that he hath but a short time and when the dragon saw that he was cast under the earth he persecuted a woman which brought forth a man child and to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle that she went fly into the wilderness into her place where she is nourished for a time and times and half a time from the face of the serpent and the serpent cast out of his mouth water as a flood after the woman that he might cause her to be carried away of the flood and the earth helped the woman and the earth opened her mouth and swallowed up the flood which the dragon cast out of his mouth but we know that this is only a remnant why and the dragon was wroth with the woman and went to make war with the remnant for those who did not flee of her seed which keep the commandments of God and have the testimony of Jesus Christ so basically what was the same is that a remnant shall be saved why because those are the ones you believe in Jesus Christ now all the number of children of Israel use the sands of the sea a remnant shall be saved because if there's only part of them that will believe in the gospel message can be able to be saved based on Jesus saying I'm the way like no man cometh unto the father but by me verse 29 and as Isaiah said before except the Lord of the Sabbath has had left us the seed or a remnant like the previous Ursa said we invented Sodom and Gomorrah and been made like unto we had been a side of n been made like unto kimura or essentially completely destroyed except God spared some all of them would've been destroyed and in context of the second coming Matthew 2339 jesus said you will not see me kind support until you shall say blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord that is the primary reason why Satan tries one last time to pursue the woman into the wilderness and why she is supernaturally protected because during the second half of the week they will totally destroy those who would have the ability to call to enter into a new covenant relationship which is the Jews I call Jesus back you will not see me hun sport until you shall say blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord or until you shall accept and call for your Messiah Jesus Christ and so the final attempt to destroy the Jews so there are none left in order to fulfill that is revelation cloth and God as a result supernaturally protects them so that Satan cannot destroy them so there are those to bring into a new covering relationship so that Jesus can read her first 30 of Romans 9 it says what shall we say then that the Gentiles which followed not after righteousness because they didn't have a lot of prophets and all that is used it but if you talked about it at the very beginning of this video but they have obtained righteousness even the righteousness which is a faith by grace are ye saved through faith what Israel which followed after the law of righteousness yet not to the law of righteousness why not because they saw it not by faith but as it were by the works of law the law cannot say Jesus can save who fulfilled the law with a law cannot say in fact chromatog says Allah exists to show man how simple they are exist to bring people to acknowledge that they are sinners like first John 18 and 9 cents if we say that we have no sin we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in US if we confess our sins he's faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness the law can't say but what it does is it shows people how sinful they are and how much they are unable to follow it and unable to of our own accord through our own work fulfill or attain that perfect state so a law exists for a reason to show me and how in need of a savior that we honor it can't say Galatians talks about the law and never being able to justify even in the old ha sido is never able to justify and then keepers 11 you go down the chapter a whole bunch of old testament recognizable names every single one of them was saved I think so Israel has not attained to the right the law of righteousness why wherefore because they saw it not my fate but as it were by the works of the law for they stumbled at that stumbling stone as it is written behold I lay inside on a stumbling stone in Iraq of offense and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed Isaiah 28 16 says therefore thus saith the Lord God behold I lay inside for a foundation of stone a tried stone a precious cornerstone a sure foundation he that believeth shall they case and that'll take me to the final chapter that I want to go through its isaiah 53 because this is a chapter that if the Jews had read it would have guaranteed that they recognize Jesus Christ and they're not reject him starting in verse 1 of Isaiah 53 is said who had believed our report and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed for he shall grow up before him as a tender plant and as a root out of dry ground he had no form nor comeliness and when we shall see him there is no beauty that we should desire him he is despised and rejected of men a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief and we hid is it were our faces from him he was despised and we esteemed him not surely he hath borne our griefs and carried our sorrows yet we did esteem him stricken smitten of God and afflicted when he was wounded for our transgressions he was bruised for our iniquities the chastisement of our peace was upon him and with His stripes we are healed all we like sheep have gone astray amia turned every one to his own way and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all he was oppressed and he was afflicted yet he opened not his mouth he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter and as a sheep before her Shearer's is dumb so he openeth not his mouth he was taken from prison and from judgment and who shall declare his generation where he was caught off out of the land of the living for the transgression of my people was he stricken and he made his grave with the wicked with the rich in his death in his debt because he had done no violence neither was any deceit in his mouth yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him he had put him to grief where that shall make his soul and offering person he shall see his seat he shall prolong his days and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand he shall see the travail of his soul and Shelby saddest by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify men for he shall bear their iniquities therefore I will i divide him a portion with the Great and he shall divide the spoil with the strong because he has poured out his soul unto death and he was numbered with the transgressors and he bear the sins of money and made interception for the transgressors and if they knew their scripture he would not have rejected Jesus so he and her and Sheeran and Norma welcome you guys I don't know if Israel sees himself as a suffering servant or not what Jesus was a suffering servant whom they rejected because they wanted their victorious King instead that's not not how I came that we came to do when he came the first time but it is how he will come the second time revolution mighty so it was all I had so I appreciate your time i'm sorry if there's issues with the video hopefully everything was signing for the one interruption hopefully the audio in a video are synced but um there's a lot in Revelation 9 i'm sorry in now Romans night there's a lot of Revelation 9 to them that word of it um as we get into the next two chapters 2 we're going to talk about more about the rejection of Israel and the time that was appointed them between your rejection okay what happened and the result of it um the time of the Gentiles and things like that so I appreciate your time hopefully later there's no issues but as always if you have comments or questions please let me know I have another video scheduled to go through a half minutes but obviously that's not going to happen um I'm kept rescheduling it and so I just I'm not going to be able to do it tonight because I have to take my son to scouts so I was hoping to be able to go through at this afternoon and I don't know if I'm going to be able to renounce so if I can't i will do it on thursday so i'll probably be rescheduling that but i wanted to give you guys something so there you go like i said if you have any questions or comments please let me know but um and I might get food in six later I have actually done that's what i have scheduled in 20 minutes it won't be in 20 minutes but i have actually written about the full armor of God before so i don't think i'll have a ton of research to do with that because I've already kind of done it so i'll see what i can do not promising but i will definitely see what i can do um but I thank you guys i'll be on chat for a little bit and so I have a great rest of your day thanks for comment we're watching

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